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Corruption perception unchanged in Macau

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The MSAR remained in the 46th spot among 178 countries and territories in the latest Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index, with just a slightly better score in comparison with the 2010 Index.
This year, the non-governmental organisation gave Macau an average score of 5.1 on a scale from 0 (highly corrupt) to 10 (very clean), up by 0.1 point compared to last year. The territory remained in the 46th spot, though, as five more countries were included in the ranking.
The results from 2011 were drawn from three surveys and assessments published between December 2009 and last September and they show that the perception of local corruption remained more or less unchanged.
MSAR’s ranking has dropped 17 places since 2006, the year it debuted in the report in the 26th spot. In the following year Macau dropped to 34th and in 2008 it tumbled to 43rd as the repercussions from the Ao Man Long corruption scandal raged on.
The former secretary for Transport and Public Works was arrested in December 2006 and was later sentenced to a jail term of 28-and-a-half years for corruption and money laundering.
Last year Macau dropped to its worst ever ranking in the index put together by the Berlin-based non-governmental organisation.
In the Asia Pacific region the territory also maintained the 10th position among 33 countries and regions in 2011. The MSAR is one of only eight countries and regions in Asia awarded a positive mark.

HK, China rising


Neighbouring SAR Hong Kong rose one spot to 12th overall, even though its score remained at 8.4 points. Mainland China rose three positions but still remains in the 75th place with 3.6 points.
According to the ranking the least corrupt country in the world is New Zealand, with a score of 9.5 points, followed by Denmark and Finland, both with 9.4 points. Singapore came in fifth with 9.2 points.
At the bottom of the ranking are Somalia and North Korea with just 1.1 points, with Myanmar and Afghanistan a little better at 1.5 points. About two-thirds of all the countries and territories surveyed worldwide had a negative score, below five points.
The survey focuses on the abuse of public power, including bribery of officials, kickbacks in procurement, embezzlement of public funds and the strength and effectiveness of anti-corruption efforts in the Administration.
“2011 saw the movement for greater transparency take on irresistible momentum, as citizens around the world demand accountability from their governments,” said Transparency International managing director Cobus de Swardt.
“High-scoring countries show that over time efforts to improve transparency can, if sustained, be successful and benefit their people,” he said, stressing a link between the Arab Spring and “deeply engrained” nepotism, bribery and patronage.

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